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The State Hermitage Museum

 
Most famous museum in Saint-Petersburg with the largest collection of paintings in the world
 
The State Hermitage Museum is a museum of art and culture in Saint Petersburg. One of the largest and oldest museums in the world, it was founded in 1764 by Catherine the Great. Its collections, of which only a small part is on permanent display, comprise over three million items including the largest collection of paintings in the world. The collections occupy a large complex of six historic buildings along Palace Embankment, including the Winter Palace, a former residence of Russian emperors.
 
     

 

Peter and Paul Fortress
 

The birthplace pf Saint- Petersburg and one of its most prominent architectural landmarks
 

Peter and Paul Fortress was founded on May 27th , 1703. This day also marks the beginning of the city’s foundation. As legend has it, Peter I chose a special place for the new fortress – it was a small Zayachy island (“Enisaari” in Finnish), situated in the estuary of the Neva river. This location was perfect for maintaining Russian ascendancy in the Baltic Sea and becoming “the window to Europe” according to Peter’s strategy. 
The Fortress never took part in actual war actions, but served as the main political prison for a while, back in the XIX century. It was during the reign of Emperor Alexander I that it was first opened for visitors. It is one of the greatest historical museums in Russia, presenting the 300-years history, culture and day-to-day life of the Russian Northern capital.
     

 

St Isaac Cathedral
 

an impressive architectural landmark of the city, the 4th largest domed cathedral in the world
 

St Isaac's Cathedral is one of the most famous attractions in St Petersburg. Its gilded dome dominates the city skyline and can be seen even far out into the Gulf of Finland. It is the fourth largest cathedral in the world following St Peter’s in Rome, St Paul’s in London and Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence; and the major Orthodox basilica in Russia.
St. Isaac's Cathedral  represents late Classicism architecture and the great period in Russian history, when the country was at the height of its power after defeating Napoleon's army in 1812.
     
 

Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood
 

a unique monument to Alexander II the Liberator
 

The church of the Savior on the Spilled Blood (The Church of the Resurrection) was built on the site where Emperor Alexander II was mortally wounded by a terrorist. Alexander II the Liberator was one of the most prominent statesmen of his time. His social, military and economic reforms turned Russia into a truly great power. The cathedral features Russia’s largest collection of mosaics, including the collection of Russian heraldic mosaics. The section of the street with fragment of the canal iron-cast railing, where the tsar’s blood was spilled, was enclosed within the walls of the church.

     

 

Tsarskoe Selo (Pushkin)
 

residence of the Romanovs - a marvellous architectural ensemble and resplendent garden artistry
 

A widely acknowledged masterpiece of garden and landscape art, Catherine Park includes variously styled pavilions, bridges, monuments and exotic garden structures that carry visitors away to other countries and bygone ages. 
A splendid example of Russian Baroque, Catherine Palace delights its visitors with sumptuous Great Hall and Golden Enfilade of staterooms, including the world-famous Amber Room. The exposition of the palace covers almost 300-years history of the former imperial summer residence.
     
 

Peterhof
 

one of the best Royal palace ensembles in Europe, famous for its magnificent fountain system
 

State museum-preserve “Peterhof” is a magnificent palace and park ensemble, which was used by Russian emperors as a summer residence. The Grand Palace is the center of palace and park ensemble. It was the summer residence of Russian emperors. A great number of оutstanding Russian and European masters had been working on its construction during the XVIII and XIX centuries. Remarkable authentic pictures, items of furniture, fabrics and porcelain, which belonged to the imperial families, are displayed in the baroque and classic style halls of the palace. 

 

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